Welcome to a valuable resource tailored for Class 10 Social Science students as we explore the intricacies of History Chapter 3, "Making of a Global World." In line with the latest CBSE 2023-24 curriculum, we have compiled a comprehensive set of important questions and answers to serve as your ultimate guide in mastering this chapter. Whether you're preparing for exams or seeking a deeper understanding of the subject, our "Making of a Global World Class 10 Q&A" blog post is here to support your educational journey.
|Social Science (History)
|CBSE and State Boards
|The Making of a Global World
|Important Questions & Answers
"अगर आप सपने नहीं देखेंगे तो उन्हें पूरा कैसे कर पाएंगे?"- दृढ़ता सिंह
The Making of a Global World Class 10 Important Questions & Answers
Q. No. 1) Multiple Choice Questions:
i. ‘Silk routes’ are known to have existed before the ________ and thrived almost till the _______.
a. Christian era, 14th-century
b. Christian era, 15th-century
c. Christian era, 16th-century
d. Christian era, 17th-century
Ans. Option (b).
Q. No. 2) “The silk routes are a good example of pre-modern trade and cultural links between distant parts of the world.” Explain with examples.
Ans. The silk routes are a good example of vibrant pre-modern trade and cultural links between distant parts of the world:
- Historians have identified several silk routes over land and by sea connecting vast regions of Asia with Europe and northern Africa.
- The name ‘silk routes’ points out the importance of West-bound Chinese silk cargoes along this route.
- Chinese pottery also traveled the same route, as did textiles and spices from India and Southeast Asia.
- In return, precious metals (gold and silver) flowed from Europe to Asia.
- Early Christian missionaries and Muslim preachers traveled this route to Asia. Much before all this, Buddhism from Eastern India spread in several directions through intersecting points on the silk routes.
Q. No. 3) ‘Even ‘ready’ foodstuff in distant parts of the world might share common origins.’ Justify the statement with a relevant example.
- It is believed that Arab traders took pasta to fifth-century Sicily, an island now in Italy.
- It is believed that noodles traveled west from China to become spaghetti.
Q. No. 4) Illustrate with examples that food offers many opportunities for long-distance cultural exchange.
“Traders and travelers introduced new crops to lands they traveled.“ Substantiate this statement with illustrations.
- Traders and travelers introduced new crops to the lands they traveled.
- Even ‘ready’ foodstuff in distant parts of the world might share common origins like spaghetti and noodles or, perhaps, Arab traders took pasta to 5th century Sicily, an island now in Italy.
- Similar foods were also known in India and Japan, so the truth about their origins may never be known. Yet such guesswork suggests the possibilities of long-distance cultural contact even in the pre-modern world.
- Many of our common foods such as potatoes, soya, groundnuts, maize, tomatoes, chilies, sweet potatoes, and so on were not known to our ancestors until about five centuries ago.
- These foods were only introduced in Europe and Asia after Christopher Columbus accidentally discovered the vast continent that would later become known as the Americas.
Q. No. 5) The Spanish conquest and colonization of America were decisively underway by the mid-sixteenth century. Explain with examples.
How did the global transfer of disease in the pre-modern world help in the colonization of the Americas?
“The most powerful weapon of the Spanish conqueror was not a conventional military weapon at all”. Justify the above statement by giving two reasons.
Ans. The Spanish conqueror’s most powerful weapon was not a conventional military weapon because
- they used germs like smallpox which spread deep into the continent before any European could reach there.
- America's original inhabitants had no immunity against these diseases that came from Europe. This disease erased the whole community, leading to conquest. This biological warfare in the mid-sixteenth century made it easy for the Spanish to overpower the Americans.
Q. No. 6) Why did Europeans flee to America in the 19th century? Explain.
Why did merchants move to the countryside of Europe during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries? Explain.
Ans. European flee to America in the 19th century:
- Poverty and hunger were common in Europe.
- Cities were crowded and deadly diseases were widespread.
- Religious conflicts were common and religious dissenters were persecuted.
- Therefore, thousands fled Europe for America where plantations were worked by slaves captured in Africa for growing cotton and sugar for European markets.
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|Must Read: The Making of a Global World Class 10 Notes
The Making of a Global World Class 10 NCERT Underlined PDF
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