Get CBSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources Important Questions and answers based on the latest 2023-24 syllabus released by the CBSE. These questions are compiled by CBSE Guidance from previous year's questions and new ones looking at the new trend of questions asked in CBSE Class 10 board exams.
|Social Science (Geography)
|CBSE and State Boards
|Forest and Wildlife Resources
|Important Questions and Answers
"अपनी कमजोरियों को अपनी ताक़त बनाओ। इसीलिए की जब वो बदलेंगी, तो कुछ अद्भुत होगा।"
Forest and Wildlife Resources Class 10 Important Questions with Answers
Q. No. 1) Which of the following options represent potential measures that can be taken to mitigate the threats posed to the tiger population and biodiversity?
- Banning hunting, giving legal protection to their habitats, and restricting trade in wildlife
- Prohibiting the visit of the public into the forest area.
- Establishing wildlife sanctuaries and National Parks
- Converting forests into Reserved and Protected forests
a. Statement 1 and 2 are correct.
b. Statement 2, 3 & 4 are correct
c. Statement 2 is correct.
d. Statement 1, 3 & 4 are correct.
Ans. Option (d)
Q. No. 2) What is Biodiversity? Why is biodiversity important for human lives?
Ans. Biodiversity is the number and variety of organisms found within a specified geographic region. It refers to the varieties of plants, animals, and microorganisms, the genes they contain, and the ecosystems they form.
Importance of Biodiversity:
- The plants, animals, and micro-organisms re-create the quality of the air we breathe, the water we drink, and the soil that produces our food without which we cannot survive.
- Forests play a key role in the ecological system as these are also the primary producers on which all other living beings depend.
- The forest ecosystems are repositories of some of the country's most valuable forest products, minerals, and other resources that meet the demands of the rapidly expanding industrial-urban economy.
Q. No. 3) “Forests play a key role in the ecological system.” Highlight the value of forests in our life.
Ans. Importance of Forests:
- Forests play a key role in the ecological system as these are the primary producers on which all other living beings depend.
- It supports diverse flora and fauna which are part of our life.
- It provides us with fruits, flowers, medicine, wood, etc.
Q. No. 4) Which state has the largest area under permanent forest?
Ans. Madhya Pradesh.
Q. No. 5) What benefit do local communities get when they undertake protection activities mostly on degraded forest land managed by the forest department?
Ans. The members of these communities are entitled to intermediary benefits like non-timber forest produces and share in the timber harvested by ‘successful protection'.
Q. No. 6) What is Sacred Groves?
Ans. They are a form of nature worship practiced by the tribal people of India. Tribes consider forests as Gods and Goddesses and preserve them in their pristine form. Any human interference is banned in this Sacred Groves.
Q. No. 7) Classify the types of forests found in India and explain them.
Ans. Types of forests found in India:
- Reserved forests: More than half of the total forest land has been declared reserved forests. Reserved forests are regarded as the most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources is concerned.
- Protected forests: Almost 1/3rd of the total forest area is protected forest, as declared by the Forest Department. This forest land is protected from any further depletion.
- Unclassed forests: These are other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities.
* Reserved and protected forests are also referred to as permanent forests.
Q. No. 8) How has Joint Forest Management (JFM) proved to be beneficial in Orissa?
Ans. JFM furnishes a good example for involving local communities in the management and restoration of degraded forests. The program has been in formal existence since 1988 when the state of Odisha passed the first resolution for joint forest management. JFM depends on the formation of local (village) institutions that undertake protection activities mostly on degraded forest land managed by the forest department. In return, the members of these communities are entitled to intermediary benefits like non-timbers forest produces and share in the timber harvested by ‘successful protection'.
Q. No. 9) Describe the steps taken by the government to protect the species from becoming extinct.
Ans. Steps taken by the government to protect the species from becoming extinct are:
- The Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act was implemented in 1972, with various provisions for protecting habitats.
- An all-India list of protected species was also published.
- The main focus was on protecting the remaining population of certain endangered species by banning hunting, giving legal protection to their habitats, and restricting trade in wildlife.
- Central and many state governments established national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.
- The central government also announced several projects for protecting specific animals, which were seriously threatened such as tigers, one-horned rhinoceros, etc.
Q. No. 10) ‘Nature worship an age-old tribal belief has preserved several virgin forests in a pristine form called sacred groves.’ Comment on the statement with the help of examples.
Ans. Sacred groves are a form of nature worship practiced by the tribal people of India. Tribes consider forests as Gods and Goddesses and preserve them in their pristine form. These patches of forest or parts of large forests have been left untouched by the local people and any interference with them is banned.
Certain societies revere a particular tree that they have preserved from time immemorial. The Mundas and the Santhal of the Chota Nagpur region worship mahua and kadamba trees, and the tribals of Odisha and Bihar worship the tamarind and mango trees during weddings. To many of us, peepal and banyan trees are considered sacred.
Sacred qualities are often ascribed to springs, mountain peaks, plants, and animals which are closely protected.
Q. No. 11) Describe the role of the community in forest and wildlife conservation.
Ans. Role of the community in forest and wildlife conservation:
- In some areas of India, local communities are struggling to conserve forests (their habitat) along with government officials.
- In Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan, villagers have fought against mining by citing the Wildlife Protection Act.
- The inhabitants of five villages in the Alwar district of Rajasthan have declared 1,200 hectares of forest as the Bhairodev Dakav ‘Sonchuri’, declaring their own set of rules and regulations which do not allow hunting and protecting the wildlife against any outside encroachments.
- The famous Chipko movement in the Himalayas successfully resisted deforestation and showed that community afforestation with indigenous species can be enormously successful.
- Farmers and citizen groups like the Beej Bachao Andolan in Tehri and Navdanya have shown that diversified crop production without the use of synthetic chemicals is possible and economically viable.
- Joint Forest Management is a program that involves local communities in the management and restoration of degraded forests.
Forest and Wildlife Resources Class 10 Notes
Class 10 Revision Notes
Class 10 Important Questions
Map work for Class 10 SSt 2023-24
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